Hansel and Gretel – Marxist perspective

– Jack Zipes

– The story of “Hansel and Gretel” is a story of hope and victory.

– This piece of writing has been analyzed from the Marxist point of view which assumes that in every society there is a class conflict.

– Every society is structured in two types, on one the hand there is the upper class society which is also known as the group of rich, aristocrats and feudal, on the other hand there is a lower class society which is also known as poor and peasant.

– The essay ‘Hansel and Gretel’ by Jack Zipes depicts the mercilessness and brutality.

– The witch could be interpreted to symbolize the upper class or the feudal system whereas Hansel and Gretel could be interpreted to symbolize the lower class people.

– As Marxism always analyses the society as a class conflict between the powerful and the powerless one, even in this piece of writing, there is fight between the witch and Hansel and Gretel which symbolizes the fight between the upper class society and the lower class society.

– When there is the fight between the upper and the lower one, it is the case that the lower or the powerless one grabs their right and get victory over the powerful one. This is justified by the way Hansel and Gretel killed the witch and collected her treasure.

– In this version, no one is shown as being responsible for the plight of that poor family rather the social and economical condition itself have been shown as being causative factor.

– Even the concept of step mother has been shown differently. In the past the married woman used to give birth to many children as a result they would die earlier and the concept of stepmother was common in the household. Obviously where there is stepmother and the children, the relationship between them is not sweet and sound.

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