Government of Nepal decided to introduce the Higher Secondary Education Act, which came into effect in 1989 A.D. Later, as stipulated in the Act, the Higher Secondary Education assembly was constituted under the chairmanship of the Minister of Education.
Subsequently Higher Secondary Education Board (HSEB) was established in 1989 under the Higher Secondary Education Act.
The board is involved in running the 10 + 2 system in the country.
Nepal National Commission of Education 1992 recommended the importance of the 10 + 2 structure in the education system and viewed it as the first step towards specialization.
Incorporating extra two years in school education was a change in the existing educational structure aiming at meeting the middle level manpower and imparting necessary knowledge and skills to the students pursuing further education.
The higher secondary education in Nepal, is nothing more than the result of globalization, a need to come in terms with the global markets when the world is turning into a global village, and the countries, borderless.
Today is the time of multiculturalism, where every voice from every country is striving to have their say. Today the situation may be viewed as an indeterminate set of attitudes that has been shaped by various diversities of cultural and intellectual currents.
Here, education cannot be separated from this politics of existence because it is only through education that one can prove them.
Today’s world with its constant and extensive interaction between people of different countries demands a system and standard of education that can earn international recognition.
On the other hand no education system will be viable if it has no relevance to the community and its environs. So, the Higher Secondary Education is a critical stage in development of the human resources essential for economic development and social progress of the country.
Passing various difficult phases with the passage of time, education is gradually getting due priority in the regions of our country.
The 856 higher secondary schools at present and the possibility of its proliferation show that the establishment of the Higher Secondary Education Board will be justifiable in the future to come.
The board is involved in running the 10 + 2 system in the country in both English and Nepali Medium but for Science Stream,English Medium is compulsory.
Specifically, the objective of Higher Secondary Education then are to:
- Prepare students for the world of work especially in meeting middle level manpower requirements in different fields.
- Prepare students for general higher education and for professional disciplines.
- Prepare the youth with competitive strength required for a patriotic, disciplined and productive human resources while contributing to the shaping of one’s future and outlook.
- Adopt a system of greater equality in opportunities by reducing by reducing regional and ethnical disparity and promoting female participation.
- Aim to produce the ambassadors of culture, who irrespective of caste, class, gender and ethnicity respect the cultures that exist in human society and the politics of plurality.
From the Official Website of HSEB : http://hseb.edu.np/