The bill on eighth amendment to Education Act-1971 has proposed forming National Examination Board to conduct, coordinate and manage secondary level examinations.
The bill was recently tabled in the Parliament for endorsement.
Currently, the Office of the Controller of Examination and Higher Secondary Education Board conducts the examinations for School Leaving Certificate and Higher Secondary Level. But if the education bill is endorsed by the Parliament, school education will be divided into two levels—basic education (grade I-VIII) and secondary education (grade IX-XII). And the examinations for Grade XII would be conducted by the proposed board.
The bill states that the office of the NEB will be set up in the Kathmandu Valley. The bill has proposed that the board should be allowed to conduct examinations for Grade X and Grade XII. Similarly, the bill has proposed that the district education offices be allowed to conduct Grade VIII examinations.
As per the bill, the board will have eleven members and a chairman, who would be appointed by the government from among educationists or examination experts.
Similarly, education secretary will be the vice chairperson of the NEB. Members of the NEB include joint secretary at the Ministry of Education, director general of the Department of Education, executive director of the Curriculum Development Centre, member secretary of Council for Technical Education and Vocational Training, examination controller of the Tribhuvan University, one person nominated by MoE and one male and one female member nominated by MoE from among principals of community and institutional schools.
Gazetted first-class officer from the education service or an official nominated by MoE from among senior officials of the NEB will be the member secretary of the board.
The bill states that a committee chaired by chairperson of Public Service Commission with chairperson of University Grants Commission and education secretary as members, will recommend the name of chairperson of the NEB to the government. The tenure of chairperson of NEB shall be of four years.
It further states that the board will have a separate fund to execute day to day activities. The fund will be collected from the government, students’ fee, national and international donors and organisations.
As per the bill, the board needs to get consent from the finance ministry before collecting funds. The NEB will be an autonomous body, but will have to follow the directives of the education ministry.